Greece is the home of the world’s oldest weather station

The popular “Aerides”(Tower of the Winds), as it is commonly called, is a building from the end of the 1st century e.g. Its official name is the Clock of Kyrristos and it is believed to have been built by Andronikos the Kyrristis (or Kyrristos), a Greek astronomer from Kyrros of Macedonia (or Macedonian Syria).

image_719b.jpg

The impressive marble building is located at the northern part of the Acropolis, in the area of Roman Agora, is of Pentelic marble and each side is 3.20 meters long and a total height of 12 meters, has no columns, while in the same number of metopes are engraved eight main Anemoi(winds), from which it takes its popular name. It has two doors, one to the north and one to the west, and its roof is conically tiled.

355a94d52d736eb2aaebc85af3aea3fb-tower-of-the-winds.jpg

The monument impressed travelers and historians both for its construction and for its scientific utility. They called it the Tower of the Winds or the Temple of Aeolus, they described it in great detail and divided it into two rhythms. Its exterior belongs to the Corinthian style because of the columns, while its interior belongs to the Doric style. Apart from being a meteorological station, it was also a time station and for calculating the time on sunless days, there was a special hydraulic clock installation inside the building. It is believed that the builder of the monument combined the inventions of earlier clockmakers such as Archimedes, Ctesiphon and Philo.

image_d957.jpg

The beautiful winged Anemoi(winds) are the most striking feature of the Aerides. They fly in relief, with their name engraved on each of the eight sides of the tower, each bearing a special symbol. They are Voras(north), Kaikias (northeast), Apiliotis (east), Evros (southeast), Notos(south), Lips (Livas, southwest), Zephyros (west), and Skiron (northwest) ). A brass Triton adorned the top of the roof as a weather vane indicating the wind direction.

tower-of-the-winds-horologion.jpg

image_7150.jpg

Its historical path was linked to the Christian religion, as it was used as the bell tower of a Byzantine church in the early Christian years, while it is described as the temple of Aeolus in a description by the traveler Kyriakos Agonitis. Later it was converted into a tekke (Muslim monastery) and dervishes from different parts of the Ottoman Empire settled there. It was the dervishes who, according to some historians, saved the monument from Elgin’s stealing injunctions.

abe6a1ac768d29ee4834e1eee5f8df7f.jpg

When Athens was liberated from Turkish occupation by the Greeks in 1821, it was included in the Antiquities and Archeological Sites of Athens. It was fully excavated in the 19th century by the Hellenic Archeological Society. It gave its name to the neighborhood that developed around it and is still one of the most picturesque places in old Athens.

Related Posts

2nd Century Colonnaded Roman Road Unearthed in Turkey

During recent excavations along Turkey’s southwestern Mediterranean coastline in the city of Antalya, archaeologists have found something big. A partial section of a colonnaded road has been excavated which dates back to the Roman era, which for this …

Stonehenge May be Aligned with the Moon, Too

A team of experts and organizations, including the Royal Astronomical Society, think they have found something unexpected. After careful research they have announced the possibility that Stonehenge’s alignment might not only correspond with the Sun but …

Lost in Time and Out of Place: Trypillia Copper Axe is Poland’s Oldest

Updated 30 March, 2024 – 13:42 Joe Green A remarkable discovery has been made in eastern Poland. Archaeologists have unearthed a copper axe in Poland’s Hrubieszów district which looks for all the world like it belongs to the ancient Trypillia culture. …

Nesshenge Revisited: How Does the Reproduction Neolithic Henge Look 15 Years On?

It is not every day that one gets the opportunity to build a replica Neolithic henge earthwork. Moreover, after 15 years of “weathering”, one is amazingly surprised to see that it not only survives but has partly contributed to the enjoyment of the thousands …

Saint Guthlac’s Realm: Massive Stone Age Henge Discovered in Lincolnshire

Archaeologists from Newcastle University have been working for years in Crowland, Lincolnshire around the purported site of the hermitage of Saint Guthlac, a local cult figure. What they found there reveals a far older and more complex sacred landscape, …

The Unmatched 9,500-Year-Old Honeycomb City of Çatalhöyük

Updated 9 April, 2024 – 23:02 Joanna Gillan Overlooking the Konya Plain in Turkey lies the remarkable and unique ancient city of Çatalhöyük, the largest and best-preserved Neolithic site found to date. At a time when most of the world’s people were nomadic …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *